What are the main causes of tooth discoloration?

It is normal to have your perfect set of pearly whites to get discolored. It can ruin that smile you were practicing to impress your date or even your chances at that job interview a couple of days away. Maybe you won’t be able to close that sale you were after, but why take the risk when such a simple setback can be rectified easily at your dental care professional. You can have your smile restored to its natural glory and flash it without being self conscious.

What is tooth discoloration?

tooth discoloration

We identify our teeth from the pearlescent white enamel crown that juts out from our gum. It is our representative every time we open our mouth and every time we smile for the world to see. Over time, it is natural for teeth to lose its sheen and develop stains that disrupt all the aesthetic goodness that was a part of it. It may develop in blotches or be discolored entirely. Before it reaches a dreadful shade of brown, it is recommended to consult with your dentist and have it fixed.

What causes it?

Tooth discoloration is not unnatural and happens to almost everyone. There are several factors that contribute to teeth getting discolored.

  • Our teeth, most predominantly, are used for biting and chewing food which allows us to swallow it easily. No matter what we do, some food particle will always remain in the mouth after we finish chewing and this deposit results in plaque and tartar deposits that appear as darkened stains on our white enamel.
  • Bacteria can often enter our mouth and stick to teeth and this slowly wears away the crown and will cause the enamel to lose its color.
  • Good oral hygiene is required to maintain tooth color. It involves regular brushing, flossing and using proper, prescribed dental products. Brushing too hard or flossing too often as well as using inferior quality toothpastes and mouthwashes will harm the enamel enough to make it lose its color.
  • Most soft drinks, soda, coffee, candy, and foods with coloring agents will stain your teeth over regular use.
  • Tobacco products are also a primary cause of tooth discoloration as nicotine and tar content, present in all tobacco blends, precipitate as the smoke is inhaled and gets layered on the teeth and lips.
  • Improper use of do it yourself whitening trays and strips, if used improperly or if poor quality, will stain your teeth in certain places while whitening others. This can lead to a very comical appearance if not carefully applied.

How can you treat it?

As mentioned before, tooth discoloration is fairly common and not serious if treated. Maintaining good oral hygiene with regular brushing and flossing, and using the right products can help prevent tooth discoloration and even rectify mild discoloration where it occurs. For cases where it is proving difficult to remove stains, you can consult your dental care professional for teeth whitening treatments. There are do it yourself kits, but it is recommended to have it cleaned professionally as they are more thorough and last longer. The treatment itself does not take too much time.

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