What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal gum disease is an infection of the tissues that can spread around the root of the teeth. It can lead to bone reduction and if left untreated can damage your teeth. It is in fact a major cause of tooth loss in adults.

Periodontal disease may not bring acute pain, and you may fail to recognize that you have it. It can harm the gums and the supporting bone structure beneath them; therefore it is recommended that the condition should get treatment in its earliest stages. The highest of research has pointed to possible health hazards that could go beyond your mouth, and affect every parts and functions of your body.


The condition is caused by plaque build-up, the sticky films of bacteria that constantly linger on our teeth. Here are some the common signs that can signal a problem.

Credit: Olympicdentalanddenture

Credit: Olympicdentalanddenture

  • Gums bleeding easily
  • Red, swollen, tender gums
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Increased sensitivity of teeth
  • Loosening of permanent teeth
  • Change in the your teeth fit together
  • Discomfort while eating
  • Change in the fit of partial dentures

Risk factors for periodontal (gum) disease

There are number of risk factors that render you susceptible to the disease, including

  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Genetic factors
  • Medications, including steroids, cancer therapy drugs, oral contraceptives
  • Diabetes
  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Ageing

If you suspect any of the above mentioned symptoms, it’s essential that you see your dentists immediately. The early stage of periodontal gum disease, called gingivitis involves swelling of your gums and bleeding. The disease can be reversed and eliminated at this stage with a professional cleaning at a dental office, and followed by regular brushing and flossing.

Gum disease at an advanced stage is called periodontis. The condition affects 47.2% of adults in the United States alone. It often leads to the loss of tissue and bone that support the teeth, and as a result, the teeth become loose and start moving around in your mouth. Described as one of the most common form of periodontis, this can occur at any age, and usually gets worse slowly. However, with proper treatment, there can be periods of rapid progression in the condition.

Aggressive periodontal disease is highly destructive, often resulting in rapid loss of tissue and bone in some areas of the mouth, or in some cases the entire mouth.

Credit: Naturalimgs

Credit: Naturalimgs

While research between systematic diseases and periodontal diseases is ongoing, some of the many studies have indicated that severe gum may be associated with several other health conditions, like stroke and diabetes.

Because periodontal gum disease does not have warning signs, one must take dental checkups and periodontal examinations very seriously. The treatment implemented depends upon the type and the condition of the disease. In addition to this, good oral care at home is essential to prevent periodontal disease. Keep in mind that you don’t have to lose your teeth to a gum disease – remember to brush, floss regularly, and include periodontal dental visits for a lifetime of beautiful, healthy smiles.

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